This chronology from the Museum at the camp. Additional research is recommended to supplement the information and phrasing given here. The original is in the form of a timeline, including sections on the history of Europe/the world; the history of France; and the history of all the camps. Email us....Back to Home.
1938 : 29 avril
1942 : 24 avril
1942 : 15 décembre
1943 : 16 février
1943 : 17 février
1943 : 15 juin
1943 : 30 juin
1943 : 9 juillet
1943 : 20 septembre
1943 : 6 octobre
1943 : 16 décembre
1944 : 1er septembre
1945 : 7 avril
1945 : 17 avril
1945 : 17 septembre
1938: April 29:Deutsche Erd und
1940: September 10: Discovery of a lode of pink granite on Mount Louise
1941: March 31: Hans Hüttig named first of Natzweiler's commandants. His first order given on April 28.
1941: May 21: The first convoy of prisoners arrives, transferred from Kl-Sachsenhausen to build the roads andconstruct the camp. They are Austrian and German.
1941: May 23:
The second convoy of prisoners arrives.
1941: May 26: First death in camp, of Albert Bergmann.
1942: March 14:Starting with this convoy, the majority of prisoners are political.
1942: April 24: Egon Zill named #2 of the camp's commanders.
1942: August 4: Successful escape of 5 prisoners working in the Struthof inn kommando.
October 4: Josef Kramer named to be #3 of the camp's commanders.
November 5: Hanging of Alfons Christmann, the only August escapee recaptured.
1942: November 25: start of experiments with mustard gas on prisoners used as guinea pigs by medical doctor Hirt.
1942: December 15: Obernai camp opens, the first subcamp of Naztzweiler where the prisoners work for the SS.
1943: January 20: Arrival of the first convoy of Luxemburgers.
1943: February 3: Starting from this date, prisoner deaths are recorded by the main camp's administration.
1943:February 16: The STO, compulsory labor service [in Germany] is out into effect by the Vicy government. Numerous young people joine the Resistance.
1943: February 17: 13 young people from Ballersdorf (Département of Haut-Rhin, Alsace), who dodged being drafted into the Wehrmacht, are shot at the Sablière (sand pit.)
1943: June 15: Arrival of the first convoy of NN: 71 Norwegians
1943: June 30: Construction of the Kartoffeller begins.
1943: July 9: First convoy of French NN arrives from the prison of Fresnes
1943: July 10: Arrival of the first convoy of Dutch NN.
1943: July 12:
Arrical of the 2nd convoy of French NN from the prison of Fresnes.
1943: July 1:
Arrival of the 3rd convoy of French NNfrom the fort of Romainville.
1943: July 30:
A convoy of Jews chosen for Professor Hirt's "collection" of skeletons leaves Auschwitz, destination Natzweiler.
1943: August 14: Gassing of Jews begins in the gas chamber across the street from the Struthof inn.
1943: September 20:
The Reich's security headquarters orders all NN prisoners be placed at Natzweiler. The date set as a goal is June 15 1944, The plan was not ever totally realized.
1943: October 6: Arrival at the campof the Norwegian doctor Leif Poulson to serve in the prisoner "infirmary."
1943: October 14: The camp's crematorium is in operation.
1943: November 2: The crematorium barrack , situated at the bottom of th camp, is completed.work had begun on May 8.
1943: November 12:
Arrival at the camp of a convoy of 100 Gypsies transferred from Auschwitz. They are to serve as guinea pigs for Professor Haagen's experiments on typhus.
1943: December 16:
Opening of the subcamp of Schömberg, first of the Wüste group.
1943: December 25:
Hanging of 2 Soviet prisoners in front of all the prisoners in camp, except for the patient in the Infirmary.
1944: March 9:
General Delestraint, head of the secret [Resistance] Army arrives at camp [as prisoner]
1944: May 12:
Arrival of Fritz Hartjenstein, #4 commander of the camp, assigned on May 5.
1944: June 5: General Jouffrault, head of the secret army's Southern sector, imprisoned at the camp since March 1944, dies.
1944: June 13: General Frère, head of the ORA, prisoner at Natzweiler since May 1944, dies.
1944: July 6:
Execution of 4 Special Operations Executive [British] female agents
1944: August 22: Subcamp Walldorf is opened, where Jewish women are kept imprisoned.
1944: September 1: In the night , 107 members of the Alliance network and 34 from the Vosges GMA are executed at the camp.
1944: September 2: In the night, the evacuation of the main camp to Dachau and Allach begins.
1944: November 11: the camp administration is relocated to the other side of the Rhine.
1944: November 22:
Commander Hartjenstein and the remaining prisoners leave the camp for Germany.
1944: November 23:
NAtweiler concentration camp is the first to be discovered by the Allies. The same day, General Leclerc's 2nd division liberates Strasbourg.
1945: February 18:Heinrich Schwarz takes the head of KLNa. He organizes the evacuation of its subcamps and death marches.
1945: April 7: The French Army liberates the subcamp of Vaihingen. Designed for the war industry, it became the place prisoners from the subcamps were sent to die.
1945: April 17:
Josef Kramer arrested by the British army at Bergen-Belsen
[where he was the commander.]
1945: September 17:
The trial at Lunebourg begins. Kramer, former camp commander, is condemned to death.
1945: December 13:
Joseph Kramer executed by hangingat Hameln prison in Germany.
1946: December 18
to July 31 1947:
Trials of the SS in charge of the German subcamps [of NAtzweiler] before the French military tribunal of Rastat.
1949: December 2: The camp's management is conferred to the Veterans' Administration.
1952: December 20: The trial of the SS doctors Haagen and Bickenbach opens before the French military traibunal of Metz.
1954: June 15 to July 2: Trial of the SS personnel in charge before the French military tribunal of Metz.
1960: July 23:
General de Gaulle, President of the French Republic, inaugurates the National Memorial to the deporation and the national cemetery.
2005: November 3: J. Chirac inaugurates the European Center of the Concentration Camp Imprisonment of Resistors and presides over the opening of the camp's renovated museum.