will accept donations to help fund the work featured on this website and the translation of important documents and texts from the original French.
Diana Mara Henry is available for speaking engagements about the camp, the World War Two career of spy André Joseph Scheinmann and
the resistance. These presentations can be tailored to the audience's background knowledge and to be age-appropriate.
Diana Mara Henry to present at the Birkbeck University of London and Wiener Library, January 10-12, 2018
BEYOND CAMPS AND FORCED LABOUR: CURRENT INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH ON SURVIVORS OF NAZI PERSECUTION
Sixth international multidisciplinary conference
All materials not under copyright by others are Copyright © 1985-2015 Diana Mara Henry
Attention publishers and academics: You may not reproduce without permission nor present this research as your own.
Article by Loup Espargilière about Diana Mara Henry's research appearing 8/26/2016 in Dernières Nouvelles d'Alsace:
Photo Copyright © Diana Mara Henry
While in Alsace to visit the camp this summer, DMH was interviewed on French radio: Here, courtesy of reporter Olivier Vogel of France Bleu Alsace (https://www.francebleu.fr/alsace) are some clips:
War-time documentary footage of the camp after liberation
completed on 22/23.11/44 when the camp was discovered ( see Galitzine report )
by Captain Yurka N. Galitzine to the Chief of Liberated areas
Official images from the year 2014 at the camp's site and museum
Recent links from the internet related to Natzweiler, including
French President Hollande's visit April 26, 2015...
Photographs of the camp - outline of illustrated lecture - Caution: graphic
Most recent slide show about the KLNa
André Joseph Scheinmann, Freedom Fighter and Spy, slide show
European Resistance in the Second World War, edited by Philip Cooke and
Ben H. Shepherd, reviewed by Diana Mara Henry, 525-27
Background of Presenter and endorsements of this project.
Presenter's Résumé / other WWII website and family websites:
Testimonials/endorsements by noted scholars
More information and links:
A crime against humanity - now called "Enforced Disappearance"
-CAUTION GRAPHIC - Nazi doctors at Natzweiler
Honoring the memory of the 86 Jews from Auschwitz who were gassed
and the burial of the bodies, other activities of the Cercle Menachem Taffel
Charles Osgood records in a CBS documentary the placement,
by Steve Draisin and Shimon Samuels of the
first memorial to the Jews who died in the gas chamber
•A monument to those who perished at the KLNa
is dedicated at Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris.
Resources to research a French resistor (in French)
No one can write an exhaustive book on a concentration camp, but one can certainly try to indicate all its aspects, resources for further study, and questions posed by its operational structure in the context of the other Konzentrationslagers, Nazi ideology, and Europe at war.
This site creates a scholarly and publications center (Natzweiler Press) for the tragic and little-known concentration camp of Natzweiler-Struthof, (to the SS: KLNa) the only Nazi Konzentrationslager located in France, operating between 1941 and 1944 for the slave labor and brutal destruction of an (almost) exclusively non-Jewish population and the gassing and “medical” experimentation on Jews and Gypsies in the main camp. Nevertheless, 10,426 of its total registration number of 52,000 prisoners are known to be Jewish. They arrived in 1944 and 1945 to slave in the 70 subcamps (Kommandos) of Natzweiler, as Auschwitz and Radom were emptied in the East before the advance of the Russian army, and Hungarian Jewry was destroyed.
Besides these aspects which it shares with many other camps, KLNa has certain more remarkable aspects. It became, for example, the primary center for the punishment of the category of political prisoners known as "NN." Their "Nacht und Nebel" status was determined by specific decree and judicial procedures practically unknown in the US today, where "Night and Fog" is thought to represent the quality of existence in the camps rather than the specific sentence under the NN Erlass (OKW Commander Keitel's decree) accorded some of those deemed most dangerous resistors and saboteurs of the Third Reich.
The camp was accorded “Category III” status, and like Matthausen, which detroyed Spanish Communists and others in its quarry under conditions of staggering overwork and cruelty, Natzweiler was used to destroy Russians under similar conditions at its quarry site, while two dozen other European nationalities suffered famine, untreated disease, physical and mental abuse, and medical experimentation in the central camp and its 70 exterior slave labor sites.
This is why all the nations of Europe, including the Roma and Sinti, are represented at the yearly commemoration ceremonies at the camp, a French national historic monument: survivor memoirs of the camp exist in their native languages of Slovene, Dutch, Norwegian, French and English.
By force of the years which now separate us from the tragic events, the survivor literature of the camp is nearly complete, barring certain memoirs which may yet come to light and be published posthumously. I have collected dozens of them and will present excerpts of them all, both to illustrate the coherence of their descriptions of the same brutal acts and the unique qualities of individual memory, and to pay tribute to the heroes who lived in our time. You are welcome to contact and to add your documentation.- Diana Henry
To be uploaded, available on request:
Memorial page of names
“Liberation” of the camp
Videos and Films
2018- "Cher Camarade: Translator and Spy-The World War II Career of Joseph Scheinmann aka André Peulevey" German Studies Association 7th Program Summer Workshop, Freie Universität, Berlin
2018- "Reclaiming identity: efforts to overcome the 'malaise of memory' at the Natzweiler concentration camp" Reflections on the Afternaths of War and Genocide Symposium: "Memorialization Unmoored: The Virtualization of Material Mediums of Social Memory", Genocide Studies Program, Yale University, March 8-9.
2018- "Prefaces, conclusions and dedications. Rationales and perspectives of survivor memoirsof the Konzentrationslager KLNa" Beyond Camps and Forced Labour: Current International Research on Survivors of Nazi Persecution Sixth international multidisciplinary conference hosted by the Pears Institute for the study of Antisemitism at Birkbeck, University of London, January 10-12
2016- "Child victims, survivors, and observers of Natzweiler-Struthof concentration camp/KLNa" Children and War: Past and Present, Third international multidisciplinary conference; Salzburg, July 13-15.
2016- “Reclaiming Identity: The Case of the Jews in the Natzweiler Concentration Camp “ 5th Global Conference on Genocide, International Network of Genocide Scholars, Hebrew University; Jerusalem, June 26-28.
2015- "Pain in the memoirs of survivors of the KLNa." Translating Pain: International Forum on Language, Text and Suffering; Monash University, Melbourne, August 2015.
2010- " Memoirs of a Jewish Spy" Fortieth Annual Scholars' Conference on the Holocaust and the Churches;
Temple University, March 7-102009- "Life was not Beautiful: Writing the Lived History of a Neglected Concentration Camp - KL Natzweiler-Struthof," Association for Jewish Studies, 41st Annual Conference; Los Angeles, December 20-22.
Amicale Nationale de Natzweiler-Struthof on Facebook!
The new museum at Natzweiler:
The Centre Européen du Resistant Déporté (CERD)
The Centre Européen du Resistant Déporté is on Facebook!
CERD's "Documents Pedagogiques"
DMH photograph of Eugene Marlot overlooks
Eugène Marlot photograph on screen by Diana Mara Henry
Contact: email@example.com with your questions, comments and suggestions. Thank you
Please do not reproduce these materials without permission. Doing so, or buying someone else's use of them, is theft.
THIS WEBSITE'S CONTENTS ARE COPYRIGHT © DIANA MARA HENRY
French youth remember:
An 8th grade class sets up markers at the KLNa
Every year a different theme is given for students to work on.
In 2011-2012 it was resistance in the camps, with documents from
The Musée de la Résistance et de la Déportation of Besançon
More worksheets for students from the
Musée de la Résistance et de la Déportation in Besançon.
The KLNa's slave labor dependencies